News on KTH-dESA research on CLEWs, February 2019


February 2019

Fourth training in the CLEWs modelling framework in Bolivia

A training program on the Climate, Land, Energy and Water systems (CLEWs) model in Bolivia concluded with a final workshop in La Paz-Bolivia from the 4th to the 9th of February. The workshop was organized by UNDESA and UNDP with support from KTH-dESA PhD candidate Gabriela Peña Balderrama. During the workshop participants were engaged in development of scenario analysis on key policy issues identified by Government counterparts; namely i) bioethanol production from sugarcane to meet mandated volumes for gasoline blending as required under the new biofuels law; ii) biodiesel production from soybean as a means to maintain output from the soy sector, which has been negatively impacted by falling exports due to changes in regional preferential tariffs; and,  iii) analysis of the costs and benefits of large scale investments in multi-purpose dams and reservoirs. Government officials from the Social and Economic Policy Analysis Unit of the Ministry of Planning and Development, the Ministry of Environment and Water, the Ministry of Hydrocarbons and the state-owned Electricity Company (ENDE participated in the workshop. The expected outcome from this capacity-building program, which has included remote support sessions in addition to in-country workshops, is a set of policy notes and technical reports that will be presented to national stakeholders in a dissemination workshop scheduled to take place in the second quarter of 2019.

Recent publication on the role of energy-water nexus to motivate transboundary cooperation

Hydropower, a low-carbon electricity generation technology, is a key energy source, not only for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals but also to motivate transboundary cooperation between countries. A recent study, led by KTH-dESA researcher Youssef Almulla, explores solutions that consider both energy and water to motivate transboundary cooperation in the operation of hydropower plants in the Drina River Basin, located in South-East Europe. The study was conducted using the Open Source energy Modeling System (OSeMOSYS) to develop a multi-country model which included a simplified hydrological system representation of the cascade of hydropower plants in the Drina River Basin. Various modes of operation were examined to estimate the benefits of enhanced cooperation between stakeholders in the operation of the hydropower plants. Furthermore, the study provides insights on other aspects such as electricity trade and energy efficiency. The study was developed under the ongoing collaboration between KTH-dESA and the United Nation Economic Commission of Europe (UNECE). The outcomes of this study were used to inform the nexus dialogue between the Drina River Basin countries under the umbrella of the UN ‘water convention’. The complete study of the nexus of the Drina River basin can be accessed here.
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