In this issue

  • Shoshone Sites in Northeastern Nevada
  • OCTA's Main Websites are now Fully ADA Compliant
  • Submit Your Volunteer Hours
Books & Publications
  • Go West, Young Man: A Father and Son Rediscover American on the Oregon Trail

  • Third Thursday History on Zoom with the Southern Trails Chapter
  • Visit the Kennedy Gold Mine on Amador County Day
  • Applegate Trail Presentation on Zoom 
  • Kansas City Area Historic Trails Association Annual Meeting
  • 2022 OCTA California-Nevada Chapter Symposium in Anderson, CA
  • 2022 OCTA Southern Trails Chapter Symposium in Temecula, CA
  • Colorado-Cherokee Trail Chapter Zoom Speaker Series
  • Go West, Young Man Book Tour
  • Casper Convention, August 28 - September 3, 2022
  • Order Fresh Coffee and Help OCTA's Bottom Line

Shoshone Sites in Northeastern Nevada

Norm is a member of the Dosa Wihii (white knife/flint) band of the Western Shoshone that roamed throughout Northern Nevada and Northeastern Idaho, including the Boise Valley, prior to European settlements. His grandparents, James and Myrtle Cavanaugh, were among those forcefully moved from the Battle Mountain, Nevada area along with other Bands of Shoshone to Owyhee, Nevada (Duck Valley) Indian Reservation under the Executive Order of President Ulysses Grant in April 1877. Today, Norm's interests include story telling of Shoshone creation stories and cultural beliefs of the Western Shoshoni people, picking natural herbal plants in the wild for processing for food or medicine, and teaching Shoshone Language to youth willing to learn. He also enjoys hiking, gathering of traditional foods, and gardening. We hope you enjoy his presentation as much as we did!

This is the last of our Elko presentations. We are now editing and finalizing the speakers from the San Diego Symposium. Stay tuned!

And as an FYI, there will not be an E-News next week. But we will be back in your inbox with up-to-date news on March 18th!

OCTA's Main Websites
Are Now Fully ADA Compliant

Last year, OCTA set out to upgrade its websites and make them fully compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Last year, we upgraded our Journals website at, and today we are pleased to announce that our main website at are also upgraded! What does that mean? Well, here's a breakdown of what we did:
  • Website Structure 
    • Website pages, posts, categories updated to make it ADA compliant. 
    • Wordpress theme pages and templates modified. Website theme is fully compliant.
    • WooCommerce Plugin pages and templates updated for compliance. Other plugin pages also modified where applicable. 
    • Accessibility Tools added to the website.
  • Page Structure: 
    • Headings and titles added to the all the text contents where applicable. 
    • The site's language defined in the header code.  
  • Images and Hyperlinks: 
    • Alt tag added to all the images used on the website. 
    • Description added to the images. 
    • Alt tag added to all the hyperlinks used within the page contents.
    • All PDF files are made accessible.  
  • Form Optimization: 
    • In the form, Labels are added to all the fields. 
    • All forms have descriptive html tags.
    • Form validation done with proper alerts and notifications to the visitor. 
    • All the required fields in the forms are marked properly. 
    • All the form fields are in the logical tab order and can be accessible with the keyboard
  • Keyboard Navigation: All the buttons and links are made accessible with the keyboard. Website is now accessible with keyboard navigation  
  • Design: 
    • Color contrast of text and background modified where required to make the content easily visible and readable. 
    • Webpages can be viewed in different modes such as greyscale, light background, high contrast, negative.
    • Text size of the content modified where required. 
    • All fonts are made accessible.
    • All HTML tables are populated with column headers, row identifiers and cell information.
    • All call to action buttons on your website have an accessible name and an ARIA label
    • Website have easily locatable contact information to allow users to request support or information.
We hope that these upgrades are helpful to all of our members and website users. Please test it on your end if you use assistive devices and give us feedback if you find any issues. 

Please Continue to Report
Your Volunteer Hours!!!!

Please continue to turn in your volunteer hours, mileage, expenses paid by you and not reimbursed, time traveling to meetings (including the San Diego Symposium), research, etc. We are attempting to collect data on an ongoing basis throughout the year to present the most accurate picture of all of the incredible work done by our huge team of advocates.

To submit hours, visit our online volunteer hour reporting portal for a simple, fast way to share your hard work with our federal agency partners and budget planners in Congress. Your volunteer hours are matched with appropriations and the Volunteers in Parks program to the financial benefit of our trails. Please report all you have done! It's the most important thing we do!

Books & Publications

Go West, Young Man: A Father
and Son Rediscover America
on the Oregon Trail

At the sound of the bell on the last day of kindergarten, B.J. Hollars and his six-year-old son, Henry, hop in the car to strike out on a 2,500-mile road trip retracing the Oregon Trail. Their mission: to rediscover America, and Americans, along the way. Throughout their two-week adventure, they endure the usual setbacks (car trouble, inclement weather, and father-son fatigue), but their most compelling drama involves people, privilege, and their attempt to find common ground in an all-too-fractured country.

Writing in the footsteps of John Steinbeck’s Travels with Charley, Hollars picks up the trail with his son more than half a century later. Together they sidle up to a stool at every truck stop, camp by every creek, and roam the West. They encounter not only the beauty and heartbreak of America, but also the beauty and heartbreak of a father and son eager to make the most of their time together. From Chimney Rock to Independence Rock to the rocky coast of Oregon, they learn and relearn the devastating truth of America’s exploitative past, as well as their role within it.

Go West, Young Man recounts the author’s effort to teach his son the difficult realities of our nation’s founding while also reaffirming his faith in America today. It also features extensive interviews with OCTA Past President Duane Iles, the Historic Inscriptions on Emigrant Trails and Graves and Sites on the Oregon and California Trails author Randy Brown, and OCTA Association Manager Travis Boley, among others

You can
order your own copy of the book on OCTA's website for only $19.95. It would make an excellent Christmas gift!

Join the Third Thursday History event using the following zoom information:
Join Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 844 8089 3765
Passcode: 790164

Applegate Trail Zoom Presentation

The Northwest Chapter will hold a Zoom meeting on March 12 at 10:00 am (Pacific) for a presentation on the Applegate Trail and a chapter meeting.  The presentation will be a recorded interview with Bob Black conducted by Dave Welch. His mapping of the Applegate-Southern Road from the Ashland area to Dallas will be discussed. Bob used Terrain Navigator Pro to prepare a detailed map of the route which will be the focus of the discussion. Bob will answer questions at the conclusion of the presentation.

The Spring Chapter Meeting will be held after the interview. We will be discussing the recent setting-up of a temporary storage facility in Oregon City for member’s papers and books. This s a processing facility for organizing permanent homes for members papers. Other topics include future convention planning and an update on upcoming events.

Please join us one-half hour early (9:30 am Pacific) for a bit of socializing.

Join Zoom Meeting

Kansas City Area Historic Trails Association (KCAHTA) Annual Meeting
The KCAHTA annual meeting is to be HELD on APRIL 18, 2022, at the TRAILSIDE CENTER (9901 Holmes Rd, Kansas City, MO 64131).  The meeting will be from 5:30 – 7:00 PM.  The room is available beginning at 5:00 PM for visiting and refreshments.  
2022 California-Nevada
Chapter of OCTA Symposium

Image Courtesy of the California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California

The California-Nevada Chapter of OCTA invites you to their spring symposium in Anderson, California (which is just outside of Redding). The symposium will be held from May 6-8 and the Gaia Hotel & Spa will serve as symposium HQ. Room rates are $104/night and the rate is valid until April 20. 

The Nobles Trail will be a feature of the symposium, but a highlight will be a presentation about Pierson B. Reading, a prominent Northern California pioneer who entered the Sacramento Valley in 1843 with the Joseph Chiles Party after they traveled down the Pit River. He received the northernmost Mexican Land grant, Rancho Buena Ventura, and made the second gold strike in California in 1848 on Clear Creek, west of his ranch.

Another highlight of the symposium will be a historical enactment by the Voices of the Golden Ghosts. Their mission is to bring to light the interesting and important pages of African American involvement in the Gold Rush, as their stories have been nearly lost from the history books to date.

On Sunday, symposium attendees will have an opportunity to visit Shasta State Historic Park for a tour and historic presentation by Jonathan Sutliff, park interpreter. Participants will see what remains of the old city at the end of the Nobles Trail, tour the museum, visit the historic cemetery where Phoebe Colburn is buried, then do a post symposium tour back up the Nobles Trail as far as Shingletown.

The tour will feature the crossing of the river where the ferry was located as well as the location of Fort Redding. Other highlights include the Dersch Ranch, a station and camp on the trail, Foot of the Mountain Station, and Charlie’s Ranch, site of bear and bull fights that brought people from as far away as Sacramento and San Francisco to witness the excitingly brutal action that was finally outlawed in 1859.

The tour will end at Shingletown, which was named for the shingles it produced for Shasta and neighboring gold rush towns.

For more information and to download the registration form, please visit our website. The registration deadline in April 20, so do not delay!

2022 Southern Trails Chapter of OCTA Symposium

The Southern Trails Chapter of OCTA is pleased to announce their FREE spring symposium in Temecula, California from Monday, April 25 through Wednesday, April 27. 

From 1 to 4 PM on Monday, a welcome event is planned at the historical Saint Catherine’s Catholic Church Chapel of Memories located in the Sam Hicks Monument Park next to the Temecula Valley Museum. There will be private access to the museum and the displays as part of the event. Walking Tours of Old Town Temecula will be led by a guide as well as self-guided walking tour maps are available.

Tuesday features an Historic Road Rally from 9 AM to 5 PM. This is an exciting event, driving your own car on a pre-planned route with historical stops and knowledgeable leaders. It will be a fun day starting at the Little Temecula History Museum Red Barn for orientation and returning to Temecula in the late afternoon. We will be making stops along the way that include some walking on easy paths.

Finally, Wednesday wraps up with a visit to the Vail Headquarters and the Little Temecula History Museum, which will offer an exciting day with speakers in the morning in the Museum, lunch at the Vail Headquarters as well as a tour, displays and education as we turn back the clock to the 1800’s! Local experts will share some of the history of Riverside County as we look back through time. We’ll share important facts and stories along with the chance to interact with the authors of a variety of books on the topics. Then we’ll enjoy Vail Ranch Headquarters for the afternoon.

Learn more on
the registration website

Colorado-Cherokee Trail Chapter
Zoom Speaker Series

The next three Zoom events of the Colorado-Cherokee Trail Chapter are scheduled for February 19, March 12 and April 9.  

The Zoom links are enclosed and the presentations begin at the times below:
  • 1:00 Pacific
  • 2:00 Mountain
  • 3:00 Central
  • 4:00 Eastern
March 12: 
How California Got Its Borders  
Presentation by Frank Tortorich 

It took years before California finally settled its boundaries.  The west boundary was the Pacific Ocean, but the other three borders came about due to different events from 1819 to 1853.  Few people know that Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico, Florida, Texas and Utah all played a role in how California became a state.
Historian and author Frank Tortorich, a member of OCTA's California-Nevada Chapter, will describe how the war with Mexico, gold discovery, slavery and egos all played parts in the determination of California's borders.  Frank notes that his presentation "includes some ridiculous and humorous events, but that is what makes history fascinating."
Frank is the author of three books, numerous articles and has appeared on Public Television System (PBS) with Tom Bodett on the "America's Historic Trails" series and on "California Trail" produced by Little Big Horn Productions in Salt Lake City.

Zoom link:
April 9: 
Starting an OCTA Field Team from Scratch: Lessons and Tools Used in the Northern Colorado Cherokee Trail Project
Presentation by Ethan Gannett and David May 
Beyond the MET manual and basic map training, a new OCTA field team in Northern Colorado is exploring the challenges of starting and fielding a team from scratch. They will review project planning, the process of gaining access to private and public lands, tools created to gain the trust of owners and influential parties, and the process of fielding for the first time. The presentation will also describe how to build a network of trusted advisors for the journey. Ethan and David note that "while we are a new team and still learning the craft, we hope that what we have to present will be valuable to other OCTA members curious about our endeavors and approach." Ethan is a retired VP of Engineering at Hewlett Packard Enterprise.  David is a retired President/CEO of the Fort Collins Area Chamber of Commerce.
Zoom link:

Save the Dates! 40th Anniversary for the 
2022 OCTA convention slated for Casper

The Oregon-California Trails Association and the Wyoming Chapter of OCTA will hold OCTA’s 40th annual convention, “Leaving the Platte,” in Casper, Wyo., August 28-September 2, 2022.

The conference will include two full days of talks and presentations, and two full days of bus tours to trail sites east and west of Casper on the Oregon/California/Mormon trails—and north of Casper on the Bozeman Trail.

We also plan a private-vehicle trek pre-conference from grave sites near Fort Laramie to Register Cliff and the Guernsey ruts, and a pair of post-conference, private-vehicle treks to South Pass—one up the Seminoe Cutoff and the other over Rocky Ridge.

Speakers will include keynoter and historian Todd Guenther on the history and meaning of South Pass; Camille Bradford on the huge Oregon Trail centennial gathering at Independence Rock in 1930 organized by her stepfather, Howard Driggs; Clint Gilchrist of the Mountain Man Museum in Pinedale, Wyo., on the fur trade and its connections to the historic trails; a panel on collaborations between the Bureau of Land Management and the LDS Church on management and interpretation of the trails along the Martin’s Cove-South Pass corridor; sessions on the turbulent history and current-day preservation of the Bozeman Trail, which ran north from the North Platte to the gold fields of Montana—and much more.

Activities will include demonstrations by famed South Dakota wheelwright and wagon maker Doug Hansen and a mochila exchange by Pony Express riders.

Other events will include a banquet, a barbecue, an auction, raffle, book room and an authors’ night. Conference headquarters will be the Ramkota Inn in Casper. Registration materials will be sent out in April 

Wyoming has some of the longest and best-preserved trails, swales and pioneer grave sites in the nation. See you in 2022!

Click for much more information on Wyoming’s trails. We will visit many of these sites during the conference.

Order Fresh Coffee and Help
OCTA's Bottom Line

OCTA member Richard Gibson reached out to us with a review of the coffee. He wrote:

"I wanted to say to the group and to the KC ROASTERS that I am thoroughly enjoying my OREGON TRAIL ROAST BLEND COFFEE. It is mellow but full of flavor and is easy to warm back up or drink when cold! Great Idea for whomever came up with this promotion for OCTA! THANKS. I still have another package unopened!"

OCTA Board Member Jean Coupal-Smith added:
"This is a wonderful brew! I love the rich, bold flavor, even though its medium roast and I usually drink dark roast. I rate it up there at the top with my favorite Starbucks blend of Cafe Verona. It is very smooth."

We concur whole-heartedly with Richard and Jean, though this E-News editor is of the opinion that the Butterfield Bean Medium Roast is slightly better than the wonderful Oregon Trail Medium Roast Blend. We remain excited that KC Coffee Roasters created two specialty coffees with 10% of every purchase being donated to the Oregon-California Trails Association. They are currently featuring Oregon Trail and Butterfield Bean blends. Visit their website at to order now.

And an extra special thank you to Idaho Chapter President Jerry Eichhorst, whose keen eye discovered this ad from a 1929 issue of the Idaho Statesman!
Copyright © 2022 Oregon-California Trails Association, All rights reserved.

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