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June 30, 2022

Emilio A. Parrado, Director of the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania, signed a new 3-year partnership agreement with Magda Tomasini, the Director of the French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED), renewing the scientific collaboration which formally started three years ago. Pilar Gonalons-Pons will be the lead Scientific Committee faculty person from Penn and Myriam Khlat, Director of Research at INED is the INED lead. Pictured above from left to right: Chenoa Flippen, Myriam Khlat, Emilio A. Parrado, Magda Tomasini, Herbert L. Smith, and Michel Guillot.
Pilar Gonalons-Pons' (PSC/PARC) latest American Sociological Review paper "Marriage and Masculinity: Male-Breadwinner Culture, Unemployment, and Separation Risk in 29 Countries" was selected as a nominee for the 2022 Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research, one of 17 Kanter Award nominees from over 2,500 articles published in 2021. 
Regina Baker's (PSC) latest paper in the American Journal of Sociology, "The Historical Racial Regime and Racial Inequality in Poverty in the American South," was discussed in a Penn Today article.
Photo of Kevin Volpp By Hoag Levins
Kevin Volpp (PSC/PARC) recently appeared on the podcast the visible voices project with Resa E. Lewiss discussing Improving Health Behavioral Economics and Nudging. He discussed behavioral economics research and patient decision-making related to future benefits and immediate gratifications. Photo: Hoag Levins.
Kai Feng (Ph.D. student in Demography & Sociology) was the recipient of the American Sociological Association Section on Aging and the Life Course as the 2022 Graduate Student Paper Award for "Unequal Duties and Unequal Retirement: Decomposing the Women’s Labor Force Decline in Post-Reform China," which is currently forthcoming.
Dorothy Roberts (PSC) was interviewed in May on MSNBC about hate crimes and discussed the relationship between racism, the anti-abortion movement, white supremacy and the concept of replacement theory.
Sarah Tishkoff's (PARC) recent Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences paper, on genetics and COVID is discussed in a Penn Today article entitled: "Genomic differences selected through evolution may offer clues as to why COVID-19 outcomes vary widely and was covered in 12 other news outlets."
A new paper by Irma T. Elo (PSC/PARC), Anneliese Luck, Andrew C. Stokes, Katherine Hempstead, Wubin Xie, and Samuel H. Preston (PSC/PARC) entitled: Evaluation of Age Patterns of COVID-19 Mortality by Race and Ethnicity From March 2020 to October 2021 in the US published in JAMA Network Open was discussed in the New York Times and Penn Today.
Batyra, Ewa, and Luca Maria Pesando. 2022. "“Reverse Policies?” Reducing the Legal Minimum Age at Marriage Increases Child Marriage Among the Poorest in Mali." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-89.
Kulkarni, Vani, Veena Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha. 2022. "Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in Judiciary in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-90.
Grant, Monica, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Marriage Change and Fertility Decline in sub-Saharan Africa, 1991-2019." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-91.
Amin, Vikesh, Jere Behrman, Jason Fletcher, Carlos Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Abilities at Older Ages: Causal Evidence from Nonparametric Bounds." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-92. 
Preston, Samuel and Yana Vierboom.2022. "How Major Risk Factors Influence Mortality Trends in the National Health Interview Survey." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-93.
Kulkarni, Vani, Veena Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, and Raghav Gaiha. 2022. "Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in State Governments in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-94.
NEW JUNE 2022 NBER Working Papers by PSC/PARC Associates

Cognitive Endurance as Human Capital
NBER Working Paper No. 30133
Christina L. BrownSupreet KaurGeeta Kingdon & Heather Schofield
Schooling may build human capital not only by teaching academic skills, but by expanding the capacity for cognition itself. We focus specifically on cognitive endurance: the ability to sustain effortful mental activity over a continuous stretch of time. As motivation, we document that ...

Factors Influencing the Choice of Pension Distribution at Retirement
NBER Working Paper No. 30115
Robert L. Clark & Olivia S. Mitchell
One of the most important financial decisions that pension participants make concerns how they access their pension assets when they terminate employment with their plan sponsor. Their choices depend both on own preferences and the options offered by their retirement plan. This ...

Opioid Use and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from the U.S. Military
NBER Working Paper No. 30110
Abby E. AlpertSteve Schwab & Benjamin D. Ukert
There is significant interest in understanding the labor market consequences of the opioid epidemic, but little is known about how opioid use impacts on-the-job productivity. We analyze the impact of opioid initiation in the emergency department (ED) on workforce outcomes in the ...

Maternal Mortality and Women’s Political Power
NBER Working Paper No. 30103
Sonia R. BhalotraDamian ClarkeJoseph F. Gomes & Atheendar Venkataramani
Millions of women continue to die during and soon after childbirth, even where the knowledge and resources to avoid this are available. We posit that raising the share of women in parliament can trigger action. Leveraging the timing of gender quota legislation across developing countries ...
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