New Study -Tick-borne pathogens detected in sheltered dogs during an epidemic of Rocky Mountain spotted fever
The expansion of tick-borne disease in populations of domestic dogs is a One Health issue that poses a significant and increasing health threat to canids and to humans in the Pacific Southwest. Sheltered and stray dogs have been identified as a critical reservoir of zoonotic pathogens, and the movement and re-homing of sheltered dogs is a documented risk factor for vector and pathogen spread. In a recent study, postdoctoral researchers Dr. Laura Backus, Dr. Andrés M López-Pérez, and PacVec researcher Dr. Janet Foley assessed exposure and infection for three pathogens (Rickettsia rickettsii, Anaplasma platys, and Ehrlichia canis) vectored by brown dog ticks in sheltered dogs in southern California, USA and northern Baja California, Mexico with the goal of determining baseline risk for transmission of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) in the region. A total of 239 dogs were sampled, and each dog had blood drawn and basic demographic data collected. PCR was performed to determine active infection with Rickettsia spp, E. canis, and A. platys. Serology was performed to determine exposure to Rickettsia, Anaplasma, and Ehrlichia species. Results indicate that while infection and exposure were highest in sheltered dogs in the southern locations, dogs in all locations demonstrated exposure to all pathogens, demonstrating the potential for emergence and spread of zoonotic pathogens with significant public health consequences in southern California and northern Baja California. In addition, veterinarians and shelter staff should be aware that Ehrlichia or Anaplasma infection may co-occur with RMSF, which is a human health risk [full publication].
January is One Health Awareness Month!
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), One Health is an approach that recognizes that the health of people is closely connected to the health of animals and our shared environment. One Health has become more important in recent years, because many factors have changed interactions between people, animals, plants, and our environment. These changes have led to the spread of vector-borne diseases and zoonotic diseases such as West Nile virus and Lyme disease.
The One Health approach can prevent outbreaks of zoonotic disease in animals and people, improve food safety and security, reduce antibimicrobial-resistant infections and improve human and animal health, protect global health security, and protect biodiversity and conservation. By promoting collaboration across all sectors, a One Health approach can achieve the best health outcomes for people, animals, and plants in a shared environment.
CDC Zoonoses and One Health Updates (ZOHU Calls)
Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls are one-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, antimicrobial resistance, food safety, vector-borne diseases, recent outbreaks, and related health threats at the animal-human-environment interface.
Free Continuing Educationfor a variety of public health, animal health, and human health professionals. Participants can earn CME, CNE, CEU, CECH, CPH and AAVSB/RACE. Each call is recorded and available online for those unable to attend live sessions.
Contact us if you have questions or suggestions for future topics.
Subscribe to the monthly ZOHU Call News and Updates email newsletter.
Register for MVCAC's 91st Annual Conference and Exhibitor Showcase
The Mosquito and Vector Control Association of California (MVCAC) is hosting their 91st annual conference between Jan 29th and Feb 1st, 2023 at the Disneyland hotel in Anaheim, California. Learn more and register on their website!
Register for AMCA's 89th Annual Meeting
The American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) is hosting their 89th annual meeting between Feb 27th and Mar 3rd, 2023 at the Grand Sierra Resort & Casino in Reno, Nevada. The AMCA annual meeting is the premier education and networking event for researchers, educators, vector control professionals, industry representatives, and students in mosquito control. Every year since 1938, hundreds gather to hear the latest research, share ideas, and form collaborations. Our educational sessions and exhibit hall help to put attendees on the cutting-edge of this ever-expanding field! Learn more and register here!
Have an upcoming meeting that you would like to share? Please reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org!
International Virtual Seminar Series on Arbovirus Biology
Join the 2022-2023 International Virtual Seminar series on Arbovirus Biology every third Thursday of the month between October 2022 and July 2023! To register for a Zoom link, email Tem Morrison or Clive McKimmie. View flyer here.
EYE on Yellow Fever Podcast Series, WHO ‘EYE on yellow fever’ is a podcast series highlighting the global risks of yellow fever and how the Eliminate Yellow Fever Epidemics (EYE) Strategy is addressing these challenges in the most-affected countries. Experts from different fields of climate change and even outer space explore why and how this disease is in danger of spreading globally and take you inside a concerted global effort to ensure that yellow fever does not become the next big global health threat. The series is available on the WHO website or your preferred podcast app.
Virtual Seminar Series on Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
The third year of the Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases seminar series is sponsored by the Coordinating Research on Emerging Arboviral Threats Encompassing the Neotropics (Create-NEO) and the UTMB Center for Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. Seminars will be hosted every second Tuesday of the month starting September 13, 2022. Register in advance for this webinar series here.
NEVBD Vector Biology Boot Camp Lectures Available Online
NEVBD is pausing their in-person component of the Vector Biology Boot Camp for the time being, with the hopes of offering it again in 2023. In lieu of their hands-on program, you can access recorded presentations from the 2021 Virtual Vector Biology Boot Camp available through the Cornell Video on Demand service. Simply complete this user registration form or visit their website to gain access to these recordings.
The University of Idaho (UI) IHHE is hosting its annual Biology of Vector-borne Diseases six-day course, Monday through Saturday, June 12-17, 2023, on the UI campus in Moscow, Idaho. This course provides accessible, condensed training and “knowledge networking” for advanced graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, new faculty, and current professionals to ensure competency in basic biology and cutting-edge knowledge for U.S. and global vector-borne diseases of plants, animals, and humans. Applications will be reviewed starting December 1, 2022, and applicants will be notified of their acceptance for the course in spring 2023. Application will close March 10, 2023. Please email email@example.com with any questions.
Online Course: Biology of Mosquitoes, Ticks, and Other Disease-Causing Arthropods - Next course starts 01/18!
Interested in learning about the biology & behavior of mosquitoes, ticks, and other arthropods that affect human health? Enroll in a new certificate course from eCornell! In this certificate course, you will explore the fascinating biology, behaviors, and disease-transmission processes of a range of organisms, with special emphasis on the most important groups, including ticks and mosquitoes. You will also learn about specific diseases associated with these vectors that can be passed on to humans. This course is appropriate for those working in healthcare and vector-borne disease control, those who train and supervise outdoor workers, and students of vector biology who may not have access to other courses on this topic. This course is now accredited for 28 contact hours of training with the National Environmental Health Association.
Online Training in Vector Surveillance - Next course starts 02/15!
Learn to develop an effective vector surveillance program, collect data, and communicate risk with the Cornell Entomology Department and eCornell in the newest online course Vector-Borne Diseases Surveillance. Take this 3-week instructor-led course with Dr. Laura Harrington and learn best practices to implement vector surveillance, data, and reporting methods. This course is now accredited for 28 contact hours of training with the National Environmental Health Association.
SECVBD, along with partners in the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, is pleased to provide an online course in mosquito training for pest managers. Participants who complete the 11 modules in the course will learn to identify and understand the mosquitoes of major importance in the urban environment, their life cycles, the general methods of control, personal protective equipment required for safe insecticide application, and the laws and regulations governing mosquito control for the urban pest management industry. CEUs have been approved for FL, SC, AL, CO, and CA at this time.
The CDC Southeastern Center of Excellence in Vector Borne Diseases has developed an online tick training course, now available! This course is an introduction to ticks, tick-borne diseases, and tick control for employees in the urban pest management industry, public health entomologists, and anyone interested in learning more about ticks. This self-paced course is eligibile for 2 FDACS CEUs and was recently approved for CDPH CEUs (2.25 hours - Category C)! Learn more and enroll for free!
Designed for professionals with less than five years’ experience in pest management, the Certified IPM Technician (CIT) credential demonstrates a foundational skillset and commitment to the IPM principles and practices. Applications for the credential are being accepted by the ESA Certification Corp [full article].
ESA also offers several other certification programs for professionals:
Special Issue on "Landscape Epidemiology of Vector-Borne Diseases"
Dr. Chad L. Cross (firstname.lastname@example.org) is putting together an article collection in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health aiming to publish manuscripts that directly incorporate scale (time and/or space) into understanding vector-borne disease patterns and processes and, ultimately, how these patterns and processes potentially impact human and/or animal health. Manuscripts may focus on disease vectors, vector-borne pathogens, zoonotic diseases, emerging diseases, mathematical/statistical modeling, etc. so long as landscape epidemiology and disease vectors are functionally incorporated into the thesis of the manuscript. Manuscripts that incorporate a One Health perspective are especially welcome [Learn More]. Deadline for manuscript submissions: August 31, 2023.
If you have mosquito (Aedes or Culex) samples to be tested for insecticide resistance, feel free to reach out to us, ideally well before the desired testing date. PacVec is providing testing and training services at no charge, and all results will be returned to you. Dr. Anton Cornel's laboratory is leading this activity and has organized various regional training workshops on bottle bioassay testing. Anyone interested in getting help with testing can send an email to email@example.com.
Got ticks? Contact BiTeRS!
The Border Tick and Rickettsia Surveillance (BiTeRS) program of the Pacific Southwest Center of Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases (PacVec)offers services to enhance surveillance for ticks and tick-borne pathogens of human health concern in California and Arizona. This is made possible through our project leaders at the University of California, Davis and the University of Arizona, and collaborating local and state agencies, including the California Department of Public Health and the Arizona Department of Health Services.
We work with partner organizations to:
Perform surveillance for ticks and tick-borne diseases in their area
Learn about risks of tick-borne diseases in their area by testing ticks for pathogens/diseases
Collect and submit ticks for identification and testing
Rapidly report results of tick identification and pathogen testing to submitting partners
Provide training on ticks and tick-borne disease
We help every step of the way, and shipping and testing are FREE. Collection supplies and protocols are provided, and partners receive all results on ticks they have submitted.
Partner organizations may be:
Government entities (local, tribal, county, or other)
Workplaces with tick exposure
Animal control, humane, or veterinary organizations
Pest control services
Other businesses or groups near the southern border with potential tick exposure
In California, please contact Janet Foley and Laura Backus firstname.lastname@example.org call (530) 754-9740. In Arizona, contact Dawn Gouge and Lucy Li at email@example.com call (602) 418-5202. Stay Safe!
CDC website for the Regional Centers of Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases
The CDC Division of Vector-Borne Diseases launched a new website highlighting the five Regional Centers of Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases (CoE). This website is a central location where you can learn more about the mission, key issues, and impact of each of the CoE programs. Visit the CoE website today!
Videos on larval mosquito resistance testing
In collaboration with partners at the Mosquito and Vector Control Association of California, PacVec CoE has produced training videos providing an overview of resistance testing for larval mosquitoes. The videos discuss the rationale for monitoring resistance in mosquitoes, an overview of dose responses and how the dose response changes as resistance to larvicides evolves in a mosquito population, the different types of larval mosquito control agents, the supplies needed for carrying out bioassays, bioassay set-up and making stock solutions of control agents, and interpreting the bioassay results. See the videos and related materials here.
San Gabriel Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. The Vector Ecologist conducts surveillance and control of one or more vectors; develops methods for vector-borne disease surveillance and control; educates the public; identifies a variety of vectors and conditions that support vectors; serves as biologist; and performs related work as required. Relationship: The Vector Ecologist is a Fair Labor Standards Act Non-Exempt position that is supervised by the Director of Scientific Programs. Class Characteristics: The Vector Ecologist applies principles of biology and other related scientific disciplines to assist in developing and implementing the District’s vector-borne disease surveillance and control program. The Vector Ecologist assists the Director of Scientific Programs in the surveillance of all aspects of vector-borne disease, and is responsible for one or more aspects of the program.
Location: West Covina, CA Salary: $39.04 - $48.80 per hour Application due: 1/31/2023
San Gabriel Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. The Director of Communications plans, organizes, manages, and provides administrative direction and oversight for all functions and activities of the Communications Department; serves as a key member of the District’s management team; implements comprehensive District government relations, community outreach, and media relations programs and activities; oversees the planning, development, and maintenance of educational programs for youth and adult learning institutions within the District; coordinates assigned activities with other District departments, officials, outside agencies, and the public; fosters cooperative working relationship among District departments and with governmental and regulatory agencies and various community groups.
Location: West Covina, CA Salary: $101,356.99 - $126,696.24 per year Application due: 2/03/2023
The Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under general direction of the Manager and the direct supervision of the Assistant Manager, this position is responsible for providing leadership to improve programs, strategies, performance and quality of production of gambusia affinis (mosquitofish), other fish or biological agents that prey on mosquito larva for the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District. Responsibilities include the direct supervision of subordinate biological control operations personnel and equipment.
The Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under the general direction of the Assistant Manager and direct supervision of the Field or Fisheries Supervisor, this position performs inspections and control operations or other related or specialized services in an assigned crew within the Control Operations department for the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District.
Salary: $4,162.00 per month Application due: Open until filled
The Napa County Mosquito Abatement District is seeking applications to fill this position. The Vector Control Technician will perform labor intensive work including inspections and control operations for mosquitoes, yellowjackets, rats, mice and other vector and/or nuisance organisms, vegetation management, and other related work and supportive services as required.
Location: American Canyon, CA Salary: $4,232.00 - $6,408.00 per month Application due: Open until filled
The San Bernardino County Department of Public Health Division of Environmental Health Services (EHS) is recruiting for PSEs who will be responsible for conducting vector-borne disease surveillance, providing public education and assisting with other duties to support the program. This position works under direct supervision and in conjunction with Registered Environmental Health Specialists and Certified Vector Control Technicians.
Location: San Bernardino County, CA Salary: $16.50 - $17.00 per hour Application due: 1/20/2023
Source Reduction/Wastewater Specialist - DUE TODAY!
The Marin/Sonoma Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under the direction of the Assistant Manager the Source Reduction/Wastewater Specialist (SRS) implements the District’s Integrated Vector Management Program to perform mosquito surveillance and control related to wastewater irrigation. The SRS may also participate in large scale or especially problematic mosquito source reduction projects.
Location: Cotati, CA Salary: $88,210.00 - $101,274.00 per year Application due: 1/13/2023 at 3:30pm PST
The Kern Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under the direction and supervision of the District Manager, this position is regarded as administrative and relates to organizing and controlling administrative records. The Secretary plans and organize files, other forms or record keeping, reports, and business office procedures; checks all invoices and pays the bills; is responsible for payroll and associated records; set up and maintains budgetary control and fiscal records, operational records, work load and cost data, personnel records, and devises forms as required; sets up and maintains property, equipment, repairs and service records; analyzes recorded data and prepares summary and statistical reports for the Manager; and develops and implements office procedures necessary for the efficient operation of the District. Salary: $60,625.00 - $75,794.00 per year Location: Bakersfield, CA Application due: 1/13/2023
A position is available at the Salt Lake City Mosquito Abatement District (SLCMAD) for a highly motivated candidate to help oversee mosquito surveillance in the greater Salt Lake City area. The selected candidate will work under the Laboratory Director at SLCMAD to assist in training, management, and material planning of the laboratory and its seasonal staff. In addition, the successful candidate will provide technical advice alongside the Laboratory Director for operation of other programs in SLCMAD. Critical tasks include field work to set and retrieve mosquito traps, mosquito sorting and identification, preparing mosquitoes for virus detection, pesticide resistance monitoring, mosquito colony rearing, and collaborating on applied research projects. Projects can include investigating links between pesticide resistance and operational control efficacy, new product/technology evaluations, insect behavioral bioassays, field ecology investigations, and interagency collaborations with other research groups. You will be required to submit both a resume/CV and a completed agency application form. For general questions about the position or the application process, please contact Dr. Greg White, Assistant Director: Greg@SLCMAD.org. You can submit documents via email to Dr. White or other members of SLCMAD leadership.
Salary: $42,278.00 - $84,556.00 per year Location: Salt Lake City, UT Application due: 3/01/2023
The Shasta Mosquito and Vector Control District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under the general direction of the District Manager, the Scientific Operations Manager (SOM) is an at-will, exempt, confidential, managerial position responsible for the management of the Surveillance, Research and Laboratory Operations Department and its staff. The SOM plans, organizes, administers, develops, and implements the District’s surveillance program, oversee laboratory functions, which monitors organisms of public health significance such as mosquitoes, ticks, rodents, and vector- borne disease incidence in SMVCD boundaries, as well as other scientific activities that support other District programs. This position performs advanced professional work which requires the interpretation and application of advanced concepts, methods, procedures, and technologies related to vector and vector-borne disease surveillance. Excellent communication, leadership skills and sound judgement are required.
Salary: $6,963.00 - $8,549.00per month Location: Shasta County, CA Application due: Open until filled
The Kings Mosquito Abatement District is seeking applications to fill this position. Under the direction of the District Manager, the position coordinates all field operations throughout the district. Duties include wide ranging areas of responsibilities that may include the following: hiring and termination of seasonal staff; coordinating surveillance activities to ensure effective control of mosquitoes; forecasting pesticide usage; understands and enforces all district policies; proactively trains employees on application techniques and mosquito management. This position is management level and exempt.
Location: Hanford, CA Application due: Open until filled
Assistant Professor of Teaching (Preferred Emphasis: Entomology and Animal Biology)
The Department of Entomology and Nematology in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at the University of California, Davis is recruiting an Assistant Professor of Teaching with a preferred emphasis in entomology and animal biology. This is an academic year (9-month), Assistant Professor of Teaching position with potential for security of employment (similar to tenure-track). Participation in outreach programs and performance of University service are also expected. Expertise in entomology or a related discipline is required. The appointee will be expected to carry out high-quality and innovative teaching in subjects supporting the Entomology and Animal Biology majors and consistent with the broad goals of the department. The appointee will be required to teach up to five undergraduate courses per year in departmental undergraduate curricula as assigned by the department chair. Teaching assignments will be based on enrollment, units, scope (classroom, field, laboratory), and needs of the department.
Location: Davis, CA Date posted: 10/28/2022 Next review date: 12/31/2022 (Apply by this date to ensure full consideration by the committee) Application due: 2/28/2023
Assistant/Associate Professor in Veterinary Immunology (Tenure-Track, 2 Positions)
The UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine is seeking two scientists with a demonstrated research focus on immunology. These are full-time, tenure-track faculty positions at the rank of Assistant or Associate Professor. The Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology is a highly integrated group studying the mechanisms by which disease develops at the organismal, cellular, and molecular levels. We are strongly collaborative with existing research strengths in host-microbe interactions, host response to infection, T- and B-cell biology, immunohematology, and stem cell research. Research interests in other areas of fundamental and applied immunology are also welcome, including (but not limited to) host-pathogen interactions, immunogenetics, immunodeficiencies, autoimmunity, allergy/hypersensitivity, cancer immunology, diagnostic immunology, vaccine development, and immune-based therapies.
Location: Davis, CA Date posted: 11/07/2022 Next review date: 1/09/2023 (Apply by this date to ensure full consideration by the committee) Application due: 3/31/2023
The Department of Public Health at the University of California, Merced invites applications for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in Public Health. The Department’s mission is to promote and protect health in the San Joaquín Valley and the world through our research and the training of the next generation of public health leaders. The Public Health Department has had an approved MSPH and PhD in Public Health since 2017. The next stage in our growth includes the development and implementation of a stand-alone MPH program to meet the public health workforce needs in California’s Central Valley. Our current search is therefore broad, and we seek a colleague with demonstrated excellence in research in any substantive public health area and the skills to teach undergraduate and graduate courses in the same. We are specifically interested in scholars with expertise in one or more of the following areas: infectious disease; global health; policy; implementation science; evaluation; and with a quantitative orientation.
Location: Merced, CA Date Posted: 09/09/2022 Next review date: 10/12/2022 (Apply by this date to ensure full consideration by the committee) Final Application due: 6/30/2023
The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley is seeking applicants who are dedicated to supporting the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Program and the PhD in Mathematics and Statistics with Interdisciplinary Applications as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and/or School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences beginning in the 2023-2024 academic year. Research areas for the ideal candidate may include, but are not limited to, computational biology, complex systems biology, applied biostatistics, bioinformatics, computer models and automata theory, ecology, or evolutionary biology, deterministic or stochastic modeling (including in vector/disease/host systems), or organizational biology. The successful candidate will be jointly appointed to both academic units, with the majority appointment being determined in consultation with the chairs and the candidate. Successful candidates will be expected to develop an independent research program and actively collaborate in research and grantsmanship with members in the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Program, the UTRGVCenter for Vector-Borne Disease, the Department of Biology and School of Mathematics and Statistical Sciences as well as other faculty at UTRGV and outside the University for impacting the RGV& beyond. The successful candidate will contribute to the BCMB Master’s program, the UTRGV PhD program in Mathematics and Statistics with Interdisciplinary Applications, the Biology Master’s program, and to developing a planned Biology PhD program.
Location: Edinburg, TX Application due: Open until filled
The Indiana University School of Public Health‐Bloomington (SPH‐B) invites applications for multiple tenured/tenure-track faculty positions in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health. This is an open-rank search and applicants at all levels (assistant, associate, or full professors) are welcome. SPH-B seeks individuals who will contribute toward academic and scientific excellence in support of our mission to create knowledge and train the next generation of professionals to protect human health by improving the quality of environments where people live, work, and play. These 10‐month appointments would ideally start August 1, 2023, although an earlier or later start date is negotiable. Applications received by November 15, 2022, will receive full consideration, and applications will be accepted until the positions are filled.
Location: Bloomington, IN For best consideration: 11/15/2022 Expected start date: 08/01/2023 Application due: Open until filled
NEW - Backus L, Foley J, Chung C, Virata S, Zazueta OE, López-Pérez A. Tick-borne pathogens detected in sheltered dogs during an epidemic of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a One Health challenge. JAVMA. 2022.https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.22.08.0388
Field EN, Shepard JJ, Clifton ME, Price KJ, Witmier BJ, Barker CM et al. Semi-field and surveillance data define the natural diapause timeline for Culex pipiens across the United States. Commun Biol. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-04276-x
Javeed NN, Shultz L, Barnum S, Foley JE, Pascoe EL, Martinez-Lopez B et al. Prevalence and geographic distribution of Babesia conradae and detection of Babesia vogeli in free-ranging California coyotes (Canis latrans). Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2022.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2022.11.004
Roe CC, Urbanz J, Auten C, Verocai GG, Upshaw-Bia K, Holiday O, et al. LupiQuant: A real-time PCR based assay for determining host-to-parasite DNA ratios of Onchocerca lupi and host Canis lupus from onchocercosis samples. PLoS ONE. 2022.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0276916
MacDonald AJ, McComb S, Sambado S. Linking Lyme disease ecology and epidemiology: reservoir host identity, not richness, determines tick infection and human disease in California. Environ. Res. Lett. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac9ece
Amos BA, Cardé RT. Verifying the efficiency of the Biogents Sentinel trap in the field and investigating microclimatic influences on responding Aedes aegypti behavior. J Vector Ecol. 2022. https://doi.org/10.52707/1081-1710-47.2.166
Sy N, Wheeler SS, Reed M, Haas-Stapleton E, Reyes T, Gan J et al. Pyrethroid insecticides in urban catch basins: A potential secondary contamination source for urban aquatic systems. Environ Pollut. 2022.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120220
Brummitt SI, Harvey DJ, Smith WA, Barker CM, Kjemtrup AM. Assessment of physician knowledge, attitudes, and practice for Lyme disease in a low-incidence state. Journal of Med Entomol. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjac137
Lu WY, Leal WS, Brisco KK, An S, Cornel AJ. A highly expressed odorant receptor from the yellow fever mosquito, AaegOR11, responds to (+)- and (-)-fenchone and a phenolic repellent. bioRxiv. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.09.26.509539