View this email in your browser
Vol. 2 Issue 10                                                                                                      OCT. 2021
Manzanar Messenger
In this edition of the Manzanar Messenger, we celebrate Pilipino* History Month and recognize the many contributions of the Pilipino community.  October commemorates the first arrival of Pilipinos, landing on October 18, 1587 at what would later be known as Morro Bay.  This arrival predates the Jamestown Colony by nearly two decades.  Pilipino roots run deep in our history, both as a country and as a state.
In honor of Pilipino History Month, a sense of justice demands that we take a closer look at the restrictive legislation and repeated historical pattern of legislative assaults against Asians and people of color immigrating to the United States.  The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was the first legislation restricting immigration that specifically targeted an Asian people by name.  Later, the Immigration Act of 1924 (the Johnson-Reed Act) excluded all Asian immigrants.  As a result, even Asians who had not earlier been prevented from immigrating, particularly the Japanese, were no longer admitted to the United States.
The Philippines, however, in contrast to other Asian countries, had become a U.S. colony in 1898.  Its citizens as U.S. Nationals could therefore travel freely to the United States.  But during the Great Depression, competition for jobs further fueled the bigotry and hatred.  The Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 attempted to undermine free travel from the Philippines and further limit any new immigration  In reaction to the growing anti-Pilipino storm of racism, the Filipino Repatriation Act pushed for free one-way transportation back to the Philippines, but for single Pilipino adults only.  The act of separating families and disproportionately preventing the immigration of people of color to the United States is still with us today!  More information on the history of Pilipinos including their prominent role in the creation of the United Farm Workers and the true life consequences of the Repatriation Act is found in the articles below.
*Many may wonder why we use the "P" to designate Pilipino History Month.  "During the 60's, our elders (Uncle Roy and Al Mendoza) said that "we use the P over the F because the Pilipino alphabet does not have an "F". The only "F" sounding word would be the country which is written with "Ph" Philippines.  The Philippines was a colony of the United Sates, therefore the "F" was implemented for the colonized people.  Since we are no longer a colonized people we should use "P" when we speak of the Pilipino people.  We are Pinoy, Pinay Pilipinos." For a more academic explanation, click here.
We welcome your voice!
Celebrate Pilipino American History Month – October 2021
by Florante Peter Ibanez, MLIS, MA
Librarian, Loyola Law School and Adjunct Professor, Loyola Marymount University (Retired)

On September 9, 2009, the California State Assembly voted to "designate the month of October 2009, and every October thereafter, as Pilipino American History Month." California State Sen. Leland Yee (D-San Francisco/San Mateo) authored Senate Concurrent Resolution 48 that recognizes “the earliest documented proof of Pilipino presence in the continental United States on Oct. 18, 1587, when the first “Luzones Indios" set foot on Morro Bay, California. 
Read to learn more about Pilipino American history

Memories about Manong Willie and Agbayani Village
by Emilio Joe Virata, Community Activist
Manong Willie Barrientos was probably in his seventies when I first met him. He was a resident of Agbayani Village, a retirement home operated by the United Farm Workers Union, and built by community volunteers in 1974. These volunteers were union members, college students, farm workers, and general Pilipino American community members.
My first visit to the Village was in the fall of 1979, as a college freshman travelling with a group of fellow students from UCLA. I didn’t know what to expect, but I found myself caught up in the energy and excitement of my companions as we made the two hour drive from Westwood to Delano.
Read the story of Manong Willie
Help Manzanar National Historic Site Recover a Part of History
Rafu Shimpo  Oct 2, 2021
Photo by Tim Walden
The Eastern Sierra Interpretive Association (ESIA) is seeking to raise $40,000 to help move an original War Relocation Authority administration apartment building back to the Manzanar National Historic Site.

The apartment building, once part of what the Japanese American incarcerees called “Beverly Hills,” will show the stark contrast between the housing for the white staff at Manzanar and the tarpaper barracks of the 10,000 people who were incarcerated there during World War II. 

The historic building will be an educational tool where visitors can learn the story of the incarceration of 120,000 Americans of Japanese descent and long-term immigrants, solely because of their race.  Read  the press release at the Manzanar Committee website
To donate online, go to the Eastern Sierra Interpretive Association’s webpage. “Building a Natural Community” page will pop up. Hit the “SHOP NOW” button, scroll down on the left-hand side and open the “Manzanar Merchandise” page.

 James Wakasa's funeral photo from National Archives
In the November 2021 issue of the Manzanar Messenger, we shared the story of James Wakasa who was killed while walking near the fence in the Topaz Concentration Center.  A memorial erected by the incarcerees was ordered demolished by camp officials but the memorial was recently discovered. We urge you to read the article by Martha Nakagawa of the Rafu Shimpo to read how the memorial was discovered and yet was desecrated again.
Educators' Corner
JANM field trips & trainings
The Japanese American National Museum is offering in-person and virtual field trips.  Limited grants for admission and bus transportation are available. Click for more info
To support the newest exhibits focusing on two Japanese American artists, register for the Educators' Workshop on Stan Hayami & Mine Okubo 
K-12 Teacher Training Workshop on the KCET Lost LA Curriculum about the Anti-Chinese Massacre of 1871 with UCLA History-Geography Project instructors on October 17, 2021  1:00-2:00   Register here
Free online Teacher Professional Development sponsored by the Asian American Education Project on the Chinese Massacre on October 19, 2021 from 5:00 - 6:30pm  Register here

Pictures: JANM picture by Doug Green; Anti-Chinese Massacre 150th year Commemoration by UCLA Asian American Studies Center
Marc Stirdivant Scholarship for Justice
On August 30, 2021, the Tuna Canyon Detention Station Coalition Scholarship Committee launched its first Annual Marc Stirdivant Scholarship for Justice Program campaign.
The Tuna Canyon Detention Station was a Department of Justice site in Los Angeles County where Japanese, Germans, Italians and other groups were unjustly incarcerated during World War II.  Click on the Rafu Shimpo article on this opportunity for HS students to reflect on this period of American history.
Click for submission forms for essay and art entries at Tuna Canyon website.  For more information, email 
Arnold Maeda Manzanar Pilgrimage Grant 
The Venice Japanese American Memorial Monument (VJAMM) Committee and the Manzanar Committee announce the Second Annual Arnold Maeda Manzanar Pilgrimage Grant for 2022. Maeda, who passed on September 10, 2020, at the age of 94, inspired the Venice Japanese American Memorial Monument Committee on which he served as a charter member. Information packet and application available at VJAMM website .
UC Berkeley's Oral History Project 
is seeking Nikkei who have/had parents/grandparents/great grandparents who were incarcerated in Manzanar and Topaz concentration camps.  
How do people heal? Through new oral history interviews, this project will document and disseminate the ways in which intergenerational trauma and healing occurred after the U.S. government's incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. These interviews will examine and compare how private memory, creative expression, place, and public interpretation intersect at two sites of incarceration: Manzanar in California and Topaz in Utah. To nominate yourself or someone else for this project please complete the
Nomination Form
Here is the link to the UC Berkeley Oral History Center
Sue Kunitomi Embrey
Student Awards
Program 2021

The Untold Stories of the Japanese American Military Intelligence Service Soldiers
Masako Yang - 1st Place Written Category HS
The Japanese American Military Intelligence Service (JAMIS) soldiers were special members of the U.S. Army who fought in the Pacific War of WWII, using their Japanese language skills and cultural proficiency to interrogate prisoners of war
(Click to continue reading Masako's essay)

Photo of Military Intelligence Service courtesy of Densho Encyclopedia
Important Historic Dates

October 2, 1967
Thurgold Marshall sworn in as first African American Justice of the US Supreme Court

October 11
Indigenous Peoples Day

October 24, 1871
LA Chinatown Massacre
Upcoming Dates & Events

October 6, 2021
6:00 - 7:30pm 
Tea & Letter Writing: Letters to Ghosts
Register at JANM 

October 14, 2021
The Race Epidemic: Resurgence of the Yellow Peril 
Screening and Q & A

October 17, 2021
2:00 - 3:00pm online
1871 Los Angeles Chinatown Massacre: Music & Performance Program
Register at UCLA AASC

October 19, 2021
5:00-6:30pm online
Chinese Massacre Teacher PD sponsored by Asian American Education Project
Register at AAEP

October 23, 2021
20th Annual National Pacific Islander Education Network Education Conference
Info & Registration

November 4, 2021
Manzanar Diverted Showing
LA Historic Park

November 12-14, 2021
Okaeri 2021 Conference
Green Beans with Sesame Dressing (Ingen no Goma-ae)
"Manzanar Committee and Friends Cookbook"
2 Cups green beans, simmered until tender in salted water, then cut into 2-inch lengths or kept whole.
4 Tbsp white sesame seeds
2 Tbsp soy sauce
1 Tbsp sugar
2 Tbsp dashi stock
1. Sauté the sesame seeds slowly in a skillet until they start to crackle.  You can either pound them in a mortar (suribachi) until it is somewhat crushed or keep whole. 
2. Dissolve the sugar in the dashi and soy sauce over very low heat. Stir into the sesame seeds.
3. Arrange the beans in a dish and coat with dressing.
4. This can be made with broccoli cut into small pieces and boiled until bright green, then put into a cold water bath, or used with steamed spinach.
Click here to visit our Website
© 2021 Manzanar Committee Email Outreach, All rights reserved.