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Vol. 4 Issue 2                                                                                                     March 2023
Manzanar Messenger
Women's History Month
During March, which is designated as Women’s History month, we commemorate International Women’s Day, Hinamatsuri (Girls’ Day) and the work of women throughout the years.  The theme of 2023 Women's History Month is "Celebrating Women Who Tell Our Stories"  The  colors are purple, green, and white.  These colors have roots in the suffrage movement but even today, white represents equality and truth while green represents hope and growth.  Throughout the history of humankind, both at home and in the larger community, women demonstrate the strength to move us forward with hope and resilience. Although the accomplishments of women have often been downplayed, we need to acknowledge and reflect on the significance and legacy of  our women mentors and role models. This issue is dedicated to women who are unsung heroes who fought for civil rights and justice for all people.
We urge you to read President Biden's statement on February 19, 2023 commemorating the Day of Remembrance. He recommits our country to the statement, "Nidoto Nai Yoni"  "Let It Not Happen Again."
Bus Reservation Request Form 
The Manzanar Committee has arranged for a bus from Little Tokyo to the Manzanar Pilgrimage on Saturday, April 29, 2023.  Space is limited. For information, click this link
Bus Reservation
Mitsuye Endo
By Brian Niiya, Densho Content Director
Mitsuye Endo was a plaintiff in the landmark lawsuit that ultimately led to the closing of the concentration camps and the return of Japanese Americans to the West Coast in 1945. Very little is known about the woman behind the case because she was a very private person–she granted only one interview during the course of her life. Even her own daughter only learned about her mother’s legacy when she was in her twenties.  Read more about this amazing woman
Amy Uno Ishii
by Dwight Chuman DOR archives
"Amy traveled up and down the West Coast and throughout the rest of the nation with her tape recorder and slide projector in tow to give presentations to all sorts of groups on the history of Japanese America and about the wartime relocation and internment experience." Read the entire memorial  
2023 DOR-LA interview with former Manzanar Incarceree and Manzanar Committee Member Pat Sakamoto

Click for the interview
If you'd like to view the 2023 DOR LA
 "Uniting Our Voices  Making Democracy Work for All"

please click on this youtube video link
Sue Kunitomi Embrey Student Awards Program
Thank you for all the students who submitted a project to the 8th Annual Student Awards Program.  The judges will review all the entries and we will contact all winners by the end of March
2022-2023 Katari Program Reflections:

I will carry my experiences in the Katari Program for the rest of my Life
by Nicole Tsuyuki

I was not raised in the Japanese American community, but that never stopped my family from being proud to be Japanese. On my father’s side of the family, both of my grandparents were incarcerated during World War II. In fact, that’s where they met. My grandpa passed away when I was young, but my grandmother always had stories from her time at Heart Mountain; ever the optimist, she only spoke of the good times, but I knew she wouldn’t want to burden us with knowledge of the hardships she faced.  Read Nicole's entire reflection

Upcoming Pilgrimages
Manzanar 54th Annual Pilgrimage- Save the Date!
Saturday, April 29, 2023
Click here to learn more

Jerome/Rohwer hybrid pilgrimage
May 3-6 
Register here

Amache Pilgrimage
May 19-20, 2023
More details to come

Heart Mountain Pilgrimage
July 27-29, 2023
To Register
Educator's Corner
Recommended Resources

*Asian Americans Advancing Justice Lesson Plans for all grade levels and topics. Click for the site

Important Historic Dates
March 1
Zero Discrimination Day
March 21
Int’l Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
March 24
Int'l Day for the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims
March 26, 1790
The U.S. Congress states that "any alien, being a free white person who shall have resided within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States for a term of two years, may be admitted to become a citizen thereof
March 1, 1942
General DeWitt, commander of the Western Defense Command issues Public Proclamation No. 1 and begins the process of removing all persons of Japanese ancestry--U.S. citizens and aliens alike--living in the western halves of Washington State, California, Oregon, and parts of Arizona. A curfew goes into effect in these areas--all those of Japanese ancestry must remain at home from 8 pm to 6 am. 

March 1, 1942
The Wartime Civil Control Administration opens 16 "Assembly Centers" to temporarily detain approximately 92,000 men, women, and children.

March 5, 1942
The State of California "releases" 34 Japanese American civil servants from their jobs.
March 18, 1942
The President signs Executive Order 9102 establishing the War Relocation Authority with Milton Eisenhower as director.
March 24, 1942
The first Civilian Exclusion Order is issued by the Army for Bainbridge Island. Forty-five families are given one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, 108 exclusion orders are issued. 

March 27, 1942
"Voluntary evacuation" ends as the Army prohibits the changing of residence for all Japanese Americans in the western halves of Washington State, California and Oregon. 
March 28, 1942
Minoru Yasui walks into a Portland police station to surrender himself for arrest in order to test the curfew regulations in court. 
Upcoming Dates & Events

October 11, 2022 - September 24, 2023
Ireicho Exhibit @ JANM

 Click here for more information

March 3, 2023
Girl's Day

March 4, 2023
GVJCI Hinamatsuri
$5 per participants


March 4 - October 1, 2023
Don't Fence Me In Exhibition
For tickets

April 20, 2023
VJAMM Commemo

More Information

April 29, 2023
54th Annual Manzanar Pilgrimage 
Manzanar National Historic Site

Manzanar at Dusk (MAD)
Lone Pine High School


In celebration of Girl's Day,
click the link for a recipe for Sakura Mochi
Just One Cookbook

Do you have a family recipe to share?
We'd love to post your family recipe on Social Media and in our Manzanar Messenger, with your permission. Please send your recipe and a picture of your finished product to: 
info@manzanarcommittee. org
Click here to visit our Website
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