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The View from IC - December 2020 - Issue #2

Interpreting Consolidated (IC) publishes resources for ASL and interpreting students, interpreters, educators and mentors in the US and Canada.

Our website now has more content in ASL and English for our customers who are Deaf and hearing, as well as more detail about our publications and our authors.

This issue focuses on our flagship publication - the book that launched IC nearly 30 years ago - Interpretation Skills: English to ASL.

Read on!
Oh, and by the way, if you're not part of our IC community yet...subscribe here.

Why "The Blue Book"?
Marty M. Taylor, PhD

Here at Interpreting Consolidated (IC), we call the book that started it all “The Blue Book”. You could say that might be “judging a book by its cover” – it IS blue – but really it is so foundational to our company that we call it simply that. Nearly 30 years have passed since the publication of the first edition of Interpretation Skills: English to American Sign Language.

“What skills do expert interpreters possess?” That is the question that Interpretation Skills: English to ASL answers.

The second edition retains the eight Major Features of the first edition, but identifies a greater number of skills for each feature, more thoroughly defines each skill, and increases the number and detail of Possible Errors with accompanying examples. The book now includes 85 Key Skills with 421 Possible Errors, where previously there were 59 Key Skills with 183 Possible Errors. [Read the full article here]
Why are a "wise man" and a "wise guy" opposites?

Is it good if a vacuum really sucks?

Can you explain why these are funny in English?

 How about in ASL? Think about it!

ASL examples provided in Issue #3.


Not all skills are equal:
Knowledge-lean and knowledge-rich skills

From Interpretation Skills: English to American Sign Language, Second Edition by Marty M. Taylor, PhD.

Knowledge-lean skills are those skills that can be learned in a relatively short period of time. For example, most people can learn the manual alphabet in an evening, or a day, or over the course of a few 3-hour classes.

Knowledge-rich skills are those skills that take dedicated practice over extended periods of time to achieve accuracy and fluency. For example, using classifiers and structuring space are rich skills.

Signers and interpreters must have the ability to use both lean skills and rich skills fluently and effectively.  “Lean” skills do not mean they are of little value, or are less important than “rich” skills.   [Read the full article here]
Anita Harding, from Gallaudet University, explains in ASL the difference between Knowledge-lean and Knowledge-rich Skills in Marty M. Taylor's book, Interpretation Skills: English to ASL, Second Edition.

Interpretation Skills: English to ASL 2nd Edition
by Marty M. Taylor, PhD

Interpretation Skills: English to ASL Companion DVD - Ants
Skills development tool - Analyzing the 8 Major Features in 4 ASL interpretations of a lecture in English

EYE on Entrepreneurs

AEfron Arts and Culture

Our featured entrepreneur this month is Amy Cohen Efron of Atlanta, Georgia. She grew up in New York, and then lived in Washington state while working at the Washington School for the Deaf, and in Florida. While working almost 28 years as a school psychologist, she practiced her self-care through creating art.

Now Amy embarks on a new venture, AEfron Arts and Culture. Here is how Amy describes her business:

AEfron Arts and Culture is about the past, present and future journey of Amy Cohen Efron. Amy was a vlogger/blogger, and CURRENTLY, is an artist/activist. Please join with Amy’s observations of “DEAF WORLD” through her “EYE”, and find out how Amy “SEES IT” through her thought-provoking, provocative, and controversial artworks. I sign, write, and draw openly about everything on my website, and all views are my own. My artworks can be purchased through

Amy is also very active in the Deaf Jewish community.  We are so pleased to feature her memories of Hanukkah in The View from IC (see below).
Amy Cohen Efron shares her experience growing up as a Deaf Jewish Woman in New York City. 
The View from IC is interested in featuring Canadian and American businesses owned by Deaf or hard of hearing persons. If you want to see your business in EYE on Entrepreneurs in a future issue, fill out our form here. Kat will be in touch!
Learn the reason behind the sign for Kwanzaa from Gallaudet University!
Happy Hanukkah! Merry Christmas! Happy Kwanzaa!

Best wishes for a safe and healthy holiday season

from all of us at
Questions? Have an idea for a resource you'd like to see? Just want to say hello? Get in touch with Kat Vickers, Marketing and Distribution Manager. Or just reply to this email! The address will look weird, but it will get to us.

We send out The View from IC monthly.

If you're not already part of our IC community, please subscribe here.

Thanks for reading!
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Marketing & Distribution
Interpreting Consolidated
PO Box 555
Kelso, WA 98626

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